|"Liquor is for winners."|
RICHMOND, May 3, 1865.
Honorable E. M. STANTON:
I understand that Treasury officers construe the executive order as annulling that clause of mine which makes spirituous liquors contraband in Richmond. I think the exclusion of such liquors at this time a military necessity. With so many rebel soldiers mingling with ours, and a colored population of over 20,000, mostly idle and destitute, the introduction of spirituous liquors will certainly lead to personal conflicts and perhaps riots. Such an element of disorder should not be introduced.
H. W. HALLECK,
Washington, May 3, 1865-10.30 p.m.
Commanding Military Division of the James, Richmond, Va.:
You have the authority to exclude spirituous liquor from your command and will therefore exercise it if you deem it necessary to the maintenance of order and military discipline.
President of the United States.
WASHINGTON, May 3, 1865.
You are instructed to enforce your own order in respect to trade and the sale of spirituous liquors. The President did not design to interfere with, but to ratify it. The order he signed under the representation and belief that I had approved it, which was not true, for my first knowledge of it was seeing it in the papers. If any Treasury agents interferer with your order to the danger of your command arrest and imprison them. In a day or two the whole matter will be properly regulated by the President.
E. M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.