Wednesday, January 23, 2013

January 23, 1863: Sealing Vicksburg off from river traffic

20-lb Parrott Rifles

On this day 150 years ago, Union forces were busy closing the Mississippi River to Confederate traffic immediately below Vicksburg. The river above Vicksburg had been closed for some time by the Union Western Gunboat Squadron. In just a few hours, Vicksburg would be cut off from the Confederate Trans-Mississippi and from resupply and reinforcement by river, north and south.
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE Mississippi,
Young's Point, La., January 23, 1863.

Major General U. S. GRANT,

Comdg. Dept. of the Tennessee:

GENERAL: I add this as a supplement to my letter of yesterday's date.

By to-morrow evening I expect to be able to command the Mississippi River, a few miles below Vicksburg, with a battery of 20-pounder Parrotts, which I intend to plant upon the bank.

Your obedient servant,

JOHN A. McClernand.

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